Family Carpiliidae Ortmann, 1893,
Genus Liagore De Hann (1833)
Species rubromaculatus De Hann (1835)
Cancer (Liagore rubromaculata)
Liagore rubromaculata Alcock, 1898, 67 (2): 67-233
Kemp, 1923; 25 (4): 405-409
Chopra, 1935; 37(4): 463-514
Campbell and Stephenson, 1970; 15(4):235-302, figs 1-49, pl. 22 1
Guinot, 1971; 2, 42(5): 1091-1098
Sakai, 1976; 389, pl. 136, fig 1
Krishnamoorthy, 2009; 304: 24
The carapace length of the male 5.3 cm, breadth 6.9 cm, off Tuticorin coast of India, Gulf of Mannar, between 08º 53.6’N 78º 16’E and 08º 53.8’N 78º 32’E, depth range from 305 to 310 m.
Queensland Central East Coast, Northeast coast, Hong Kong, Republic of Singapore and Japan; Extra-limital distribution- east Indo-west Pacific Oceans; Sandheads at Mouth of River Hugli, Royapuram Fish landing region, Chennai (Krishnamoorthy, P. 2009) and Tuticorin coast and it extend to southeast coast of India.
The presence of distinctive brick-red spots on the dorsal surfaces of the carapace and pereiopods.
Carapace transversely oval, smooth, convex and punctulate; on its surface symmetrically disposed red blots; regions ill defined, only a distinct H-shaped depression located between gastric and cardiac regions. Antero-lateral margin smooth and unarmed. Posterior margin slightly concave. Front broad, divided into 2 lobes, anterior margin of lobe slightly concave near the outer-distal angle. Orbit small, eye-peduncle stout and short. Chelipeds smooth, symmetrical. Merus with several obtuse teeth on dorsal margin. Carpus with inner- and outer-distal angle blunt and produced. Palmsubequal to finger in length. Fingers bearing irregular obtuse teeth on the inner margins. Ambulatory legs elongate, thin and cylindrical; surface smooth and glossy, first leg the longest, the second to fourth pairs gradually decreasing in length; dactyli sharp, provided with short hairs. First pleopod of the male elongate and slender, distal part armed with long hairs on the inner side, and acute granules on the outer side. Male abdomen triangular; third to fifth segments fused, but suture still recognizable; the terminal segment with distal margin bluntly round. Female abdomen oblong.
Liagore rubromaculata has been reported as earlier by Kemp (1923) were collected by ‘Lady Fraser’ at Sand heads and in addition that Guinot (1971) has been reviewed and recorded at Kolkata (Calcutta) a new species L. erythematica it seems to new from West Bengal (East coast of India). Ng and Naruse (2007) has been reported L. pulchella as third extent species and L. rubromaculata from Vanuatu, among only as a fossil species. Now L. rubromaculata have been reported for the first time in Tuticorin coast, India at a depth upto 310 m.
- Alcock A. “Materials for a carcinological fauna of India No.3. Brachyura Cyclometopa, Part-I. The family Xanthidae”. The journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 67.2 (1898): 67-233.
- Campbell BM and Stephenson W. “The Sublittoral Brachyura (Crustacea: Decapoda) of Moreton Bay”. Brisbane:Queensland Museum 15.4 (1970): 235-302.
- Chopra B. “Notes on Crustacea Decapoda in the Indian Museum. VIII. on the Decapod Crustacea collected by the Bengal Pilot Service off the mouth of the River Hugli. Brachygnatha (Oxyrhyncha and Brachyrhyncha)”. Records of the Indian Museum 37.4 (1935): 463-514.
- Haan HM De. “1833–1849. Crustacea. In: P. F. von Siebold, Fauna Japonica, sive Descriptio animalium, quae in itinere per Japoniam, jussu et auspiciis superiorum, qui summum in India Batavia imperium tenent, suscepto, annis1823–1830 collegit, notis, observationibusa adumbrationibus illustravit. Lugduni Batavorum, fasc”.
- Guinot D. “Sur l existence d une deuxieme expece de Liagore De Haan, L. erythematic asp”. Nov. Bull. Mus. Natn. Hist. nat. Paris (Ser. 2) 42.5 (1971): 1091-1098.
- Krishnamoorthy P. “Brachyuran crabs from the collections of Marine Biological Centre”. Rec. zool. Surv. India, Occ. Paper No 304 (2009): 1-46.
- Kemp S. “Notes on Crustacea Decapoda in the Indian Museum. XVI. On two interesting crabs from the mouth of the river Hughli”. Records of the Indian Museum 25.4 (1923): 405-409.
- Ng PKL and Naruse T. “Liagore pulchella, a new species of xanthid crab (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) from Vannatu”. Zootaxa 1665 (2007): 53-60.
- Ortmann A. “Die Decapoden–Krebse des Strassburger Museums. VII. Theil. Abtheilung: Brachyura (Brachyura genuina Boas) II. Unterabtheilung: Cancroidea, 2. Section: Cancrinea, 1.Gruppe: Cyclometopa, Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abtheilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Thiere”. 7 (1893): 411-495.
- Davie, P. (2009). Liagore rubromaculata (De Haan, 1835). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=444286 on 2017-12-04
- Huang, 1994 Liagore rubromaculata L. pulchella can be distinguished from L. rubromaculata (De Haan, 1835), and L. erythematica Guinot, 1971