Homo sapiens are human beings. The major characteristics of Homo sapiens (box 1.1) are Movement, Respiration, Nutrition, Irritability, Growth, Excretion, Reproduction, Insatiability and Ageing (Krow, 2017).
| M Movement
Insatiability is a major characteristic of life the Homo sapiens. Insatiability is defined as an inner drive of a Homo sapiens which provides the impetus for survival, productivity and sustainable development (Ogunlade, 2007).
|Insatiability is an inner drive of Homo sapiens which provides the impetus for survival, productivity and sustainable development.|
The insatiability indices are indicators or markers of hyperinsatiability in an individual at a particular point in time.
|Insatiability indices are manifestations of excessive insatiability in an individual.|
Fornication: voluntary sexual intercourse between an unmarried man and unmarried woman.
Adultery: voluntary sexual intercourse of married man with a woman other than his wife or of a married woman with a man other than her husband.
Lust: a strong sexual desire without idealized feelings.
Bribery: giving or receiving of an offer in order to obtain a dishonest advantage.
Covetousness: strong desire to possess something that belongs to other person.
Lie: an intentionally false statement or impression.
Deceitfulness: the action of deliberately trying to make people believe in what is not true.
Fraud: deliberate action of making somebody believe something that is not true in order to get something for oneself. This involves cheating as in examination malpractices, rigging, advance-fee fraud (419) and other acts of deceitfulness.
Gluttony: the habit and practice of eating and drinking too much.
Greediness: excessive desire for wealth, power, position or food for oneself without consideration for the need of other people in the society.
Jealous: feeling or showing that one wishes one had somebody else’s advantages, possessions or achievements.
Hatred: strong dislike for good.
Killing: the act of taking the life of another person. This includes murder and assassinations.
Laziness: lack of energy or enthusiasm in doing work.
Rigging: fraudulent prearrangement geared at manipulating a situation or an election in favour of oneself.
Selfishness: thinking first of one’s own interests or needs or wants without a due concern for others.
Stealing: taking possession of something that belongs to other person without permission or legal right.
Rape: illicit sexual intercourse with a woman without her consent.
Dead Conscience: lack of personal awareness of right or wrong with regards to an individual’s own actions or thoughts. For an individual with dead conscience, his\her personal actions or thoughts become inconsequential to him or her no matter the perception of other people in the society. It is a dangerous state that predisposes to robbery, dictatorship, coup, terrorism, war and other acts of violence.
Insatiability indices can be classified on the basis of reversibility or evidence of occurrence.
- Reversible insatiability indices; these include indices which can be reversed by behavioural modification. Examples include; covetousness, greed, lie, laziness and lust
- Irreversible insatiability indices; these include indices that are permanent at first occurrence. They cannot be modified after occurrence. Examples include; adultery, fornication, raping, killing.
Insatiability indices could be classified into two main groups based on evidence of occurrence. These include;
- Major Insatiability indices
- Minor insatiability indices
Major insatiability indices are manifestations of excessive insatiability associated with concrete evidence of performance. These include; bribery, stealing, adultery, fornication, raping, killing, rigging, gluttony, fraud and robbery. A major insatiability index has a value of two (2) per occurrence in an individual (Table 3.1)
|Major insatiability indices||Value|
Minor insatiability indices are manifestations of excessive insatiability without a concrete evidence of performance. These include; covetousness, greediness, selfishness, hatred deadens conscience, lust and laziness. A minor insatiability index has a value of one (1) per occurrence in an individual (Table 3.2).
|Minor insatiability indices||Value|
Insatiability indices usually occur in an organized or integrated network. A major insatiability index is usually preceded by a minor insatiability index. However, a minor or major index may occur singly and a major index may be preceded by two or more minor indices. The patterns of occurrence of insatiability indices include; singleton, couplet, triplet, quadruplet and complex network (Table 4.0).
|Pattern||Number of insatiability indices|
|Complex network||≥ 5|
- Covetousness-stealing –lie
- Hatred-deaden conscience-killing
- Covetousness-deaden conscience-robbery-killing
- Hatred-deaden conscience-killing-lie
- Jealous-Hatred-deaden conscience-killing
- Hatred-deaden conscience-killing-deceitfulness-lie
- Lust-fornication-lie-deaden conscience-killing-deceitfulness
- Lust-adultery-deceitfulness-lie-deaden conscience-killing
- Covetousness-deaden conscience-raping-robbery-killing
Ogunlade’s First Law of Insatiability
The first law states that the total insatiability (I) in a living individual is equal to the inherent insatiability (j) plus the product of change of status and the sum of the insatiability indices (ii) in that individual at a particular point in time (Ogunlade, 2007).
I = ∑ii.∆S + j
Where, I = total insatiability, S = status, ii = insatiability indices, j = inherent insatiability
The minimum score for change of status (ΔS) for a living individual is 1. ΔS becomes zero with the death of the individual.
I = Σii. ΔS + j
I = Σii (S1 + ST 2) + j
If minimum ΔS is 1,
This implies that;
S1 = 1 and substituting 1 for j,
|I = ∑ii (1 + ST2) + 1|
|Frequency of Significant Transition||Value of S|
|None (no transition or transition without associated leadership role)||0|
The second law states that summation of insatiability (I) in a group of people is directly proportional to violence (V) and inversely proportional to peace (P) experienced by the people (Ogunlade,2007).
∑I ∞ V/P
- The violence or peace experienced among a group of people depends on the level of insatiability in the society.
- Violence and consequent feeling of insecurity increase with increasing level of insatiability.
- Peace and consequent feeling of security diminish with increasing level of insatiability.
- For a reduction in violence, there must be a reduction in the level of insatiability.
- For restoration of peace in the society, contentment is the key.
Insatiability can be measured by the use of insatiability equation derived from the first law of insatiability. The basic unit of insatiability is dare (D).
If no insatiability indices could be found in an individual,
Therefore, Σii = 0,
This implies that I = 0 x (1 + ST2) + 1
I = 1 D
Illustration 1: A 48 year old man joined a political party in order to become the chairman of his local government with the sole aim of acquiring more wealth. The people of his local government did not have interest in him, so a very large number of them did not vote for him but with his connection with the electoral body, the election results were announced in his favour. He was sworn in as the local government chairman and after six months, he received an allocation of five million to build the town hall for his people; but he traveled abroad unknown to the people the save the money in a foreign bank. Calculate his I-score.
Insatiability indices (ii) in the man; Greed-1, Rigging-2, Fraud-2
Σii = 5
ST2 = 1
I = 5 (1+1) +1
= 5 (2) +1
Insatiability indices (ii) in the man; Jealous-1, Hatred-1, Killing-2, Deceitfulnss-1, Lie-1
Σii = 6
ST2 = 0
I = 6 (1+0) +1
= 6 (1) +1
Insatiability indices (ii) in the school girl; Laziness- 1, Lust-1, Fornication-2 Σii = 4
I = 4 (1+0) +1
= 4 (1) +1
Insatiability table is designed for periodic (usually monthly) assessment of insatiability. It serves as a diary for self evaluation. The insatiability curve reflects the level of insatiability over a period of time (usually a year).
- Transparent curve; monthly insatiability score is at 1D throughout a year of assessment.
- Borderline curve; monthly insatiability score is at 2D throughout a year of assessment.
- Corrupt curve; monthly insatiability score is equal or greater than 3D throughout a year of assessment.
- Unstable curve; monthly insatiability score fluctuates from one level to the other within a year of assessment or a curve which cannot be classified as transparent, borderline or corrupt.
|Month||Insatiability Score (I-Score)|
|Month||Insatiability Score (I-Score)|
Human beings could be classified after a year of assessment into four categories based on the pattern of insatiability curve (Table 10).
|Category||Type of Insatiability Curve|
Class 2- possesses a borderline insatiability curve (figure 2).
Class 3- possesses a corrupt insatiability curve (figure 3).
Unclassified- possesses an unstable insatiability curve (figure 4).
Hyperinsatiability is relevant to every sector of human endeavor. As such, the behaviors of anyone with hyperinsatiability could adversely affect his or her wellbeing and the wellbeing of other people in the society.
|Hyperinsatiability occurs when the insatiability in an individual is above the normal level (I ≥ 3D) required for survival, productivity and sustainable development and is capable of adversely affecting the well-being of the individual and or that of other members of the society|
Ogunlade’s insatiability theory states that sustained imbalance between the bodily demands and needs due to neuronal dysfunction results in hyperinsatiability state culminating in evolution of integrated networks of abnormal behaviors geared towards getting satisfiers to meet the bodily demands for pleasure without considering the non-negotiable needs of other people in the society.
Insatiability syndrome (IS) is broadly classified into two main groups:
- Classical IS
- Sexual related IS (SIS)
- Academic related IS (ARIS)
- Extortion IS (EIS)
- Age-Modification IS (AMIS)
- Election-Related IS (ERIS)
- Voluble IS (VIS)
- Consumption-Associated IS (CAIS)
- Drug IS (DIS)
- Pecuniary IS (PIS)
- Power-Drunk IS (PDIS)
- Murderous IS (MIS)
- Contract-Related IS (CRIS)
- Material-Acquisition IS (MAIS)
- Religious IS (RIS)
- Stealing-Dominated IS (SDIS)
Classical insatiability syndrome is characterized by two or more cardinal insatiability indices which include bribery, covetousness, lie, deceitfulness, fraud, greed, laziness, selfishness and stealing.
The variant form of insatiability syndrome usually manifests predominantly with one insatiability index.
People affected by the sexual insatiability syndrome are excessively desirous of sexual intercourse within or outside wedlock. The hallmark of sexual insatiability syndrome is lust. The affected people are usually involved in premarital sex or fornication, rape, adultery, or other forms of extramarital affairs. Descriptive terms of SIS include: satyriasis and nymphomania.
This variant of insatiability syndrome is characterized by examination malpractices, certificate forgery, and presentation of fake papers for academic promotions and acquisition of unmerited honorary academic degrees.
This variant is characterized by extortion of another person’s possession. People by this syndrome take pleasure in bribery.
People affected by this variant do manipulate their life records so that their birth certificates and other life documents reflect ages suitable for particular desired purposes in life. Clinically, the physical and biological characteristics of the body are inconsistent with the age of the patient. The hallmark of AMIS is age falsification.
Early-Onset AMIS: Patient is young at the time of onset. In affected individual, the chronological age is modified to enable the person qualify for a particular job or school or service. It could down grading (declaration of lesser age) or upgrading (declaration of higher age). This may be parent-guided or self-induced.
It is a variant of insatiability syndrome characterized by fraudulent political activities, empty political propaganda and rigging of election. It is common among people who are desperately seeking political status.
People affected by this variant are talkative. They gossip and take pleasure in dominating every discussion. Affected individuals always initiate discussions. They are not satisfied with the contributions of other people and prefer to have the last words in any discussion. It is also known as “first and last syndrome”.
CAIS is characterized by excessive consumption of food or drinks.
- Food CAIS
- Drink CAIS
- Combined CAIS
People affected by this syndrome crave for food. They eat excessive amount of food. The hallmark is gluttony. Patients of this condition are regarded as gluttons or gourmands.
Affected individuals consume excessive amount of fluid. The fluid may be in form of water, beverages (alcoholics or non-alcoholics) or concoctions. Alcohol specific CAIS is known as dipsomania.
People affected by this subtype consume both food and drinks in excessive amount.
This variant is characterized by excessive consumption of drugs. Common drugs consumed by affected individuals include alcohol, coffee, kola, analgesics, food supplements and other forms of drugs of abuse such as cocaine, heroin and tobacco.
PIS is also known as pecuniary mania. People affected by this syndrome crave for money no matter what it cost them. They never satisfied no matter the amount in their possession. They may be involved in fraudulent practices, ritual killings or robbery in order to get rich.
PDIS is characterized by excessive quest for power or authority. Individuals affected by this syndrome have the notion that they are only one qualified to rule in the society. There is high tendency to hold on to power beyond the required time whenever such people are in the position of leadership. Patients with this syndrome find it difficult to accept defeat in an election. They could be fraudulent, deceitful and dangerous. Most of such people eventually become tyrants or dictators in the society.
It is a variant of insatiability syndrome characterized by an urge to kill. People affected by this variant take pleasure in shedding blood of human beings directly or indirectly without considering the daring consequences. No respect for sanctity of life. Affected individuals may be involved in abortion, assassination, armed robbery, coup, massacre, wars and terrorism.
People affected by this syndrome inflate contract bills in order to defraud their clients. They also utilize substandard materials in the execution of project to cut down the cost in order to maximize profit. Some even manipulate their clients to get paid for the project they have not executed.
MAIS is characterized by reckless acquisition of material wealth. Affected individuals are preoccupied with the numbers of vehicles, items of clothing, houses, companies, and other material resources in their possession. They are never contented with the existing wealth. They keep on adding to their wealth to the detriment of their health.
People affected by RIS are excessively concerned with religion in its formal expressions. The hallmark of RIS is religiosity. The affected individuals promote ritualism or cultism among the members of the religious sect while discriminating against other people not in the fold.
This variant is characterized by stealing. People affected by this syndrome are greedy and often take possession of something that belongs to other people without permission or legal right. A subtype of SDIS associated with a compulsive desire to steal is called kleptomania.
Theft: general word use to describe unlawful taking over of somebody else’s property or money.
Burglary: the act of illegally entering into a building in order to steal
Robbery: theft that involves force or violence.
Holdup: a robbery involving threat to life or use of gun.
Shoplifting: stealing of goods from store.
Embezzlement: the unlawful taking over or use of money under one’s care especially for selfish interest.
MEP is characterized by lack of insight by a group of people affected by insatiability syndrome. MEP usually occurs when an individual in a society develops the syndrome and other members of the society accept the abnormal behaviors of the individual as normal or standard way of life and as such adopt such behaviors as their ways of life. The index case is usually a leader or a very influential member of the society.
The aetiology of insatiability syndrome is unknown but the interplay between genetics and environments play a role.
- Age: Any age group could be affected. Some variants commonly occur in certain age groups that the other.
- Gender: male has a greater tendency to developing the syndrome than female.
- Genetics: there may be positive family history but the gene responsible for the disease has not been identified.
Positive change of status associated with leadership role enhances the manifestation of the asymptomatic state in a predisposed individual.
Professions associated with direct use of authority or display of leadership qualities such as armed forces, police, priesthood, medicine, law, politics or administration predispose to the development of the syndrome.
Environmental facilitators include:
- Dwelling in urban areas
- Rural-Urban migration
- Peer pressure
- Family influence
- Parental negligence
The impact of inhuman policies in a society plays a major role in the development of insatiability syndrome. Many victims of such policies experience frustrations in life which may enhance evolution of complex abnormal behaviors as survival strategies. Such policies include; slavery, indirect rule, colonialism and neocolonialism. The outcome of such policies on the society include: value-system degeneration, cultural bastardization, destruction of nationality identity, inferiority complex syndrome and legacy of decadence.
Excess protein in diet after the age of height stability (the age by which an individual’s height remain constant irrespective of diet or environment in the absence of diseases which can alter height). Protein consumption paradox(PCP), a situation in the society in which the adults in need of little protein consume most of the proteins in the society while the children that really need protein are given little or no protein. PCP paradox has a link with protein-energy malnutrition in children and insatiability syndrome in adults(Ogunlade,2007).
Insatiability syndrome clinically manifests with insatiability indices. These are useful in the clinical assessment of the syndrome. The diagnosis of insatiability syndrome is mainly clinical.
- Dead conscience
- Evaluate for the presence of major and minor insatiability indices
- Social history
- Occupational history
- Psychiatric history
- General Physical Examination
- Mental State Examination
- Systemic Examination
iv. Investigate for the presence of systemic complications
Aim of Treatment
- To reduce I-Score in the individual to 1D
- To prevent increase in the level of I-Score irrespective of change of status
- To treat complications
- To rehabilitate the patient to a full functional capacity
- To counsel
Regimen I: Initiation phase: 1st four months following diagnosis
Components of regimen 1
- Negative change of status (reversal of the status that predisposed the person to insatiability syndrome).
- Low calorie, no protein diet if body mass index (BMI) is equal to or greater than 30.
- Normal calorie, low protein diet (mainly of plant origin) if body mass index is less than 30
- Increase intake of fruits and vegetables
- Vitamin and mineral supplement.
- Counseling and behavioral modification
- Normal calorie, low protein diet
- Vitamin and mineral supplement
- Counseling and behavioral modification
- Abstinence from junk foods
- Avoidance of drug abuse
- Low salt intake
Antagonists of I-positive centres and or agonists of I-negative centres may play significant role in treatment of the syndrome.
Patients require rehabilitation in order to be re-integrated into the society. There may be need for adjustment in the place of work. Medical social workers, psychologists, sociologists and occupational therapists will play a vital role in getting the patient back into functional capacity even at a lower status.
Periodic self-monitoring of the I-Score using insatiability table and curve. Periodic assessment by health care workers and counselors.
The consequences of this syndrome occur in diverse ways (figure 5). Insatiability syndrome could result in increasing level of violence and insecurity in the society. It enhances the development of poverty and poverty-related diseases among the less privileged people in the society. It can affect the organ-system of an individual resulting in hypertension, obesity, diabetes mellitus and cancer among the privileged people in the society. Insatiability syndrome could also lead to major or minor psychiatric disorders.
Patients should be properly evaluated for complications. Any complications identified should be treated adequately. Most of the complications require specialist care and patient should be referred appropriately.
Inherent insatiability (j) is present asymptomatically in every human being but the development of the pathophysiological state can be prevented.
- Avoidance of consumption of excess proteins after the age of height stability
- Avoidance of consumption of blood or blood products
- Avoidance of intake of junk foods.
Early detection and prompt adequate treatment
Rehabilitation of patients.
‘Health’ defined by World Health Organization as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being of the individual and not just an absence of disease or infirmity’ will become a mere political propaganda without a concrete practical global impact until poverty is eradicated in the society. Without poverty eradication worldwide, there may not be a sound world health. However, the basic drive for perpetuating poverty in the world is hyperinsatiability. Therefore, health care providers, economists, sociologists, psychologists, biophysicists, government and non-governmental organizations should address the issue of hyper insatiability. People affected by insatiability syndrome should be given appropriate medical treatment. Imprisonment of human beings with insatiability syndrome is inhuman in an ideal society and should be discouraged in the light of emerging knowledge. Governments and non-government organizations should promote efforts geared towards restoration of transparency and contentment in the world. By this, the society and the world will become healthy and peaceful. There should be complete integrated networking among various parties and professional bodies participating in human management irrespective of racial or professional differences.
- Periodic assessment of human beings using insatiability equation
- People aspiring to position of leadership should be screened and anyone with insatiability syndrome should not be allowed to be a leader in the society in need of sustainable development.
- There should be periodic I-Score assessment of leaders by specific regulatory body and followers.
- Any individual with corrupt curve should be removed from leadership position irrespective of status.
- The study of insatiability and its harmful effects should be integrated into the school curriculum at various levels.
- There should be appropriate legislature to back up medical assessment and intervention of insatiability syndrome in the society.
- Research in the area of pathogenesis, pathophysiology and management of insatiability syndrome should be encouraged.
The earth is the only planet that naturally supports living species. Hyperinsatiability among Homo sapiens has led to the discovery and production of nuclear weapons sufficient for total destruction of earth.The nuclear weapons are jealously kept for timely action by the superpowers, terrorist and anti-terrorist squads.Due to hyperinsatiability among the superpowers, terrorists and antiterrorist squads, the earth is definitely under the threat of untimely destruction by nuclear war! For continued existence of the earth as a life-saving continent with a peaceful live-supporting atmosphere, the following should be considered by the ruling powers of the world:
- Global adoption of insatiability equation as an unbiased formula for periodic assessment of insatiability among every human being in the universe.
- Anyone with insatiability syndrome should receive appropriate humane treatment irrespective of age, sex, race, background or status of the person.
- Total destruction of already made nuclear weapons anywhere on earth.
- Absolute ban on production and storage of nuclear weapons in the universe.
I acknowledge the contributions of other Dr. S. Adebowale, Mr. T.O. Adesanmi, Mr. Kolade Adebolu and Mr Princely Anyanwu for their supports in the course of preparation of the manuscript.
No conflict of interest.
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