Research Article
Volume 1 Issue 1 - 2016
Anthropometry of Geriatric People
Farzana Akter1, Satya Prio Dhar2, Most. Luthy Begum3 and Md Zahid Hasan Khan4*
1Nutrition Officer, UNICEF, Bangladesh
2,3,4Master of Public Health, Northern University Bangladesh
*Corresponding Author: Md Zahid Hasan Khan, Master of Public Health, Northern University Bangladesh.
Received: August 11, 2016; Published: December 19, 2016
Geriatric people are increasing day by day due to declining mortality and improved public health interventions. The present study is an attempt to assess anthropometry of aged people. It was a cross sectional descriptive study. The subjects were selected conveniently. Anthropometric data such as height and weight of the study subjects were collected by using standard techniques. Mean ± SD age of respondents was 68.29 ± 6.18 years. Malnourish and nourish were 44% and 56% respondents. Most respondents took rice 2-3 times/day. Meat and egg usually took weekly. Vegetables and soyabean were taken randomly. Number of nourish female was less in terms of nutritional status. We should give priority to geriatric people particularly food habit which ultimately reflects nutrition.
Keywords: Anthropometry; Geriatric people
Ageing is the accumulation of changes in a person over time. [1] Research shows that even late in life, potential exists for physical, mental, and social growth and development. Roughly 100,000 people worldwide die each day of age-related causes. [2] Present total population of Bangladesh is about 15 crore and 30 lac [3] will account about half of the world’s total elderly population by 2025 along with other four Asian countries. The rapidly increasing elderly population is a new and important group in terms of social economic and changing cultural context. According to Bangladesh census 2001 the number of elderly population was 7.8 million. The UNO projection suggests that by 2025 elderly population of Bangladesh will be 16.2 million and by 2050 it will raise to 42.2 million which will be little over 9 percent and 20 percent respectively of the total population. The assessment of nutritional status requires the integration and interpretation of at least anthropometry biochemical and dietary intake. Rural elderly people have prevalence of Chronic Energy Deficiency (CED) 26% and at risk of CED 57% of the study population. [4] Comprehensive health policy exists for the elderly in Bangladesh. Geriatric problems are ignored in medical education and profession. There is a lack of information and research on elderly in health sector. There is scope for improving nutritional problems of the elderly people.
This study was designed as cross cut because of time constrain and limited resources. Non probability convenient sampling was done. Face to face interview was conducted. Height and weight was recorded at standard technique. Anthropometry was divided into two group: nourish and malnourish. Food habit was obtained by food frequency questionnaire. Data were checked and rechecked prior analysis. Verbal consent was taken before initiation interview.
Table 1 shows that 24%, 40%, 23%, 3.5% and 9.5% of respondents represented from 60-64, 65-69, 70-74, 75-79 and 80-85 years age group respectively. Mean age of the respondents was 68.29 ± 6.18 years. Most respondents took rice 2-3 times/day. Milk and fish was taken by 20 and 40 respondents at 2-3 times/day. Meat and egg usually took weekly. Vegetables, lentil and soyabean were taken proficiently. (Table 2) Nourish and malnourish among male were 25.5% and 43% whereas among female it was 18.5% and 13%. (Table 3)
Age Group Number Percentage
60-64 48 24
65-69 80 40
70-74 46 23
75-79 7 3.5
80-85 19 9.5
Mean ± SD 68.29 ± 6.18
Table 1: Distribution of respondents by age.
Food item 2-3/d 1/d 2-3/w 1/w Never
Rice 80 18 0 2 0
Ruti 6 44 26 8 16
Parata 0 14 32 14 40
Muri 6 14 42 22 16
Milk 20 18 22 14 26
Fish 40 16 32 2 10
Meat 12 6 28 36 18
Egg 16 6 32 26 20
Leafy vegetables 64 2 20 4 10
Non leafy vegetables 33 1 8 8 0
Fruits 36 4 12 12 36
Soyabean 100 0 0 0 0
Lentil 44 2 36 0 20
Singara 4 2 26 24 44
Puri 4 0 20 24 52
Biscuit 8 6 32 30 24
Result expressed as %
Table 2: Food intake pattern of respondents.
Sex Nourish Malnourish
N (%) N (%)
Male 51(25.5) 86(43.0)
Female 37(18.5) 26(13.0)
Table 3: Anthropometry of the study subjects.
Body composition and therefore energy stores change during ageing, making malnutrition comprise a greater risk. Many other factors contribute to increasing the risk of malnutrition. A study conducted by Samad and Abedin [5] found that majority of older people are in Bangladesh belong to the age group 60-69 years and same findings was found Taj Uddin and Chowdhury study which has a similarity with the findings of this study. [6] Nutritional status of the present study subjects represents that malnourish and nourish were 44% and 56% respondents. In 2004 a study was conducted in our country, they found that the prevalence of malnutrition among older people living in rural community in Bangladesh was 26%. [7] Elderly individuals in rural Bangladesh are either undernourished or at risk of malnourishment. About 4.8% was malnourished, 26.2% was at risk of malnutrition and 69% was well nourished in Mongolian elderly. In terms of body mass index, 4 in 5 of the elderly had values > 21 kg/m2. [8] The prevalence of malnutrition was more common among the relatively older elderly women, which suggests worsening nutrition with advancing age. [9] Another study [10] provides an anthropometric profile of elderly population living in urban Bangladesh and indicates high prevalence of malnutrition among them. In central Uganda, the prevalence of malnutrition based on BMI and mid upper arm circumference within the population aged 60-90 years is reported to be 33% and 52% respectively. [11] In Poland Wojszel ZB found that 12% of them were malnourished, 61% were at risk of malnutrition and 27% were well nourished according to the MNA test. [12] Most respondents took rice 2-3 times/day. Milk and fish was taken by 20 and 40 respondents at 2-3 times/day. Meat and egg usually took weekly. Vegetables and soyabean were taken randomly. Lentil was taken daily. Similar literature was not found.
It is concluded that about half of the respondents were malnourished. Number of nourish female was less in terms of nutritional status.
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Citation: Md Zahid Hasan Khan., et al. “Anthropometry of Geriatric People”. Nutrition and Food Toxicology 1.1 (2016): 16-19.
Copyright: © 2016 Md Zahid Hasan Khan., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.